A Chinese famille verte plate decorated with “The Eight Horses of Wang Mu”. Kangxi/Yongzheng period
Decorated in the famille verte palette with a flying bird and a pond with lotus flowers and two swimming ducks. The sides with a green-stippled ground with flowering magnolia and prunus trees between four reserves filled with rocks and flowering plants. Around the rim eight g-horses in various attitudes.
- Period :
- Late Kangxi (1662-1722), early Yongzheng period (1723-1735), circa 1720/30
- 8.66 in. (22 cm)
- Reference :
A dish with this decoration is in the collection of the Rijkmuseum (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) and published by C. J.A. Jörg in Famille Verte: Chinese Porcelain in Green Enamels, 2011, p. 60, no. 61.
This dish was also published by Jörg & Van Campen in Chinese Ceramics in the Collection of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. The Ming and Qing Dynasties, 1997, cat. 175.
The eight horses of King Mu of the Zhou Dynasty was a popular theme for porcelain decorations from the Transitional into the Yongzheng period (1723-35). The story originates from a historical romance, the Mu tianzhi zhuan (An Account of Emperor Mu), which describes the journeys of the fifth emperor of the Zhou dynasty (1023-983 BC) during which he met Xi Wangmu – the Queen Mother of the West – at Yaozhi (the Jade Pond).
The story is about King (Wang) Mu, who dreamed of being an immortal God. He was determined to visit the heavenly paradise and taste the peaches of immortality. A brave charioteer named Zaofu used his chariot to carry the king to his destination.
During these travels the emperor’s chariot was pulled by eight horses named after the color of their hair. Another account, the forth century book, the Shiyiji (Researches into Lost Records) has it that the horses’ names reflected their unusual talents; Number 1 gallops without touching the ground; Number 2 runs faster than birds; Number 3 goes especially fast at night; Number 4 goes as fast as the shadow of the sun; Number 5 is especially well-groomed with a splendid mane; Number 6 runs so fast that one can see a row of ten images of him; Number 7 rides on a cloud; Number 8 has wings.”
The Eight Horses of Wang Mu became a popular subject among later poets and artists and a symbol for the vehicle or journeys of any emperor.