A Chinese armorial “pot à jus” for the Swedish market (Count Gustav Tessin, Swedish Ambassador to Paris, Prime Minister of Sweden). Qianlong period
Decorated to the centre with the coat-of-arms of Count Gustav Tessin, Ambassador to Paris, Prime Minister of Sweden, connoisseur of the arts and a frieze of shells.
- Period :
- Qianlong (1735-1795), circa 1745
- 3.14 in. (8 cm)
- Reference :
- 700 dollars (US)
In England, it is thought this form was used to serve individual portions of custard or cream during the dessert court. Yet, these pots were also known as “jelly cups” at the Marieberg porcelain factory in Sweden.
In France, this type of pot was known as “pot à jus”, where they were used to serve hot juices or soups such as bouillon, consommé. Unlike in England, cream was not served on the table of XVIIIe century. It is quite likely, however, that the function of these pots was adapted to the occasion.
From a practical point of view, it can be assumed that pots with handles were used to serve hot substances, while those without handles were solely for cold food.
This form is discussed by Jorge Welsh & Luis Vinhais in Out of the Ordinary: Living with Chinese Export Porcelain, Jorge Welsh Books, London and Lisbon, 2014, no. 36, p. 126/129.
Two Chinese export armorial porcelain sets looks to be ordered by Carl Gustave Tessin.
For a cruet, see Christie’s NYC, English Pottery and Chinese Export Art, 28 january 2013, lot 498.
A plate is also in the collection of the Göteborgs Stadsmuseum (Sweden).
For a pair of tureens, see Christie’s Paris, Art d’Asie, 7 juin 2011, lot 144.
Count Carl Gustaf Tessin (5 September 1695 – 7 January 1770) was a Swedish politician and son of architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger and Hedvig Eleonora Stenbock. He was one of the most brilliant personages of his day, and the most prominent representative of French culture in Sweden.
He began his public career in 1723, at which time he was a member of the Holstein faction, which promoted the claims of the young Duke Carl Frederick of Holstein to the Swedish throne. In 1725 Tessin was appointed ambassador at Vienna, and in that capacity counteracted the plans of the Swedish chancellor, Count Arvid Horn, for joining the anti-Russian Hanoverian Alliance.
During the riksdags of 1726–27 and 1731, Tessin fiercely opposed the government, and his wit, eloquence, and imposing presence made him one of the foremost protagonists of the party subsequently known as “The Hats”. From 1735 to 1736 he was again Swedish ambassador at Vienna. During the riksdag of 1738 he was elected marshal of the Riksdagof the Estates and contributed more than anyone else to the overthrow of the Horn administration the same year.
On the division of the spoil of patronage he chose for himself the post of ambassador extraordinary at Paris, and from 1739 to 1742 delighted Versailles with his brilliant qualities of grand seigneur, at the same time renewing the traditional alliance between France and Sweden which had been interrupted for more than sixty years. His political ability, however, was by no means commensurate with his splendid social qualities. It was his sanguine credulity which committed the Hats to their rash and unconsidered war with Russia in 1741–42, though in fairness it must be added that Tessin helped them out of their difficulties again by his adroitness as party leader and his stirring eloquence. He gained his seat in the senate as a reward for his services on this occasion. In 1743 Tessin attempted to reconcile the long outstanding differences between Sweden and Denmark in a special mission to Copenhagen.
In 1744 he was sent at the head of an extraordinary embassade to Berlin to escort to Stockholm Frederick the Great’s sister, Louisa Ulrika, the chosen bride of the Swedish crown prince, Adolphus. As överhovmarskalk of the young court, Tessin speedily captivated the royal pair. He also succeeded in extricating the crown prince from the influence of the Russian Empress Elizabeth of Russia, to whom Adolphus Frederick owed his throne when he became King of Sweden in 1751, thereby essentially contributing to the maintenance of the independence of Sweden.
Carl Gustaf Tessin was also an art collector. During his mission in Paris, he bought a lot of paintings and drawings, including 2000 drawings from the famous 1741 auction of the Pierre Crozat former collection. Being heavily in debt on his return to Sweden, he was obliged to sell part of his collection to the then King Fredrik I, who gave them to Queen Louisa Ulrika. Part of his art collection is now exhibited in the Swedish Nationalmuseum. The collection was on display in New York at the Morgan Library & Museum :”Treasures from the Nationalmuseum of Sweden: The Collections of Count Tessin”.